THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF BULGARIA
The territory of present day Bulgaria has always been crossroads of many peoples and tribes throughout its millennia-long history - a destiny that inevitably marked this picturesque place on the Balkan Peninsula with diverse cultural influences.
The highlights among the archaeological finds from many pre-historical sites and necropolises is undoubtedly the gold treasure from the Varna Necropolis dated back to the chalcolithic period (i.e. copper-stone age), some 4600 years BC. This treasure, exposed at the Archaeological Museum in Varna, is regarded as the oldest processed gold in the world.
The Thracians shaped the history of these lands since the late Bronze age. They left many burial tombs of their rulers as well as numerous rock-hewn sanctuaries dedicated to their deities. These still amaze specialists and puzzle them in their attempts to restore all the elements of the interesting picture of the Thracian Civilization. The Thracian gold and silver vessels and king's insignia are breathtaking not to the Bulgarian spectators only but also to many foreigners that have the chance to see these exquisite works at temporary museum exhibitions all over the world.
As a part at the huge Roman Empire since the 1st century AD the territory of Bulgaria shows evidence of the cultural development at that time. All over Bulgaria there are Roman time villas and bridges, towns and fortresses. Even nowadays the visitor can dive in the atmosphere of the well preserved Ancient Roman Theatre in the old Town of Plovdiv (2C AD) and enjoy some of the art performances that take place on its stage occasionally.
The Medieval period of the Bulgarian history is outlined by the two Bulgarian Kingdoms - the First one starts with the establishment of the Bulgarian State itself in 681 and lasts till the beginning of the 11th century. Then after two centuries of Byzantine domination the brothers Peter and Assen established the Second Bulgarian Kingdom (12-14C). Both foreign and Bulgarian historians write in their papers about the glorious days of the powerful Medieval Bulgaria. Their words find a back up in the remains of the old Bulgarian capitals - Pliska, Preslav, Veliko Tarnovo.
The five centuries between the 14th and the 19th century, i.e. the period after the Ottoman invasion, are often emotionally described as the dark ages in Bulgarian history. Luckily, the last two centuries of this era, known as the period of the Bulgarian National Revival, appeared to be reviving in the literal meaning of the word for the Bulgarian culture. Many beautiful houses, monasteries and orthodox churches painted with intricate frescoes certify for the rise of the self-esteem and the national consciousness of the Bulgarians.
The cultural map of present-day Bulgaria offers to its guests thousands of sights, places illustrating different historical periods, museum towns and villages, churches and fortresses. 7 of these cultural sights are included on the UNESCO's List of World Heritage.
Offers travel services and sightseeing tours in Bulgaria.